A board foot is a unit of measurement for lumber. A board foot is calculated by taking the length (in feet) x width (in inches) divided by 12 x thickness (in inches). For more on board feet, check out our blog.
Heartwood extends from the pith to the sapwood. The cells of this part of the wood no longer participate in the life processes of the tree which cause it to have a brown coloration.
Opposite of heartwood, sapwood is the living part of the wood, commonly found near the outside of the log and has a white coloration.
When we say 4/4, we're talking about the thickness of a hardwood board. 4/4 means that a board is 1 inch thick.
When we say 8/4, we're talking about the thickness of a hardwood board. 84 means that a board is 2 inches thick.
S2S stands for surfaced 2 sides. It may still require you to flatten, plane, shape or sand your project parts to fit your project.
At Forest 2 Home, our lumber is S2S (surfaced 2 sides), unless otherwise noted, and is commonly referred to as hit or miss. Hit or miss markings are not defects and are totally normal in the planing process. Click here to see a photo of hit or miss.
You can clean hit or miss up beautifully at 13/16" or to your preferred thickness at home, which is what we mean by "Our hardwood isn’t a finished thickness (hit or miss) and may still require you to flatten, plane, shape or sand your boards to fit your project."
Have any questions about hit or miss? Email us and a Forest 2 Home team member would be happy to help.
Rough cut means that the lumber is rough cut. Rough cut hardwood is a cost effective alternative to milled lumber. Rough cut hardwood is not milled and does not reflect a final thickness. You can expect rough cut lumber to have a course surface and occasional saw marks.
We offer Ash, Basswood, Birch, Cherry, Hickory, Hard Maple, Poplar, Red Maple, Red Oak, White Oak, and Walnut. Want to learn more about each species? Check out our grain guide!
We are working to add all species to our website, so in the meantime please feel free to place a custom order with your choice of species and size!
Wane is the bark or lack of wood on the edges and corners of lumber. Our team ensures no wane by running our lumber through a planer to create square edges on all sides.
Pith is located at the very center of a tree and is composed of soft, spongy cells. It has a greater tendency to crack and is unstable. All of our wood is thoroughly inspected to make sure no final board contains pith, leaving you with a durable hardwood board.
Absolutely! We love when customers drop by our storefront in Latrobe, Pennsylvania. Our team members would be delighted to give you a behind the scenes tour of our sawmill. Just drop us a line and we can schedule a tour.
All of our lumber is grown and harvested in the Northeastern region of the United States of America. We work with small, private land owners to create responsible forestry management programs and we also manage 30,000 acres of our own sustainable timberlands.